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权限 Postfix / Dovecot 对于邮箱中的新文件

依据
http://wiki2.dovecot.org/Share ... sions
:

在邮箱内创建新文件时 Dovecot 副本阅读许可证 / 从邮箱目录录制。

我没有看到这个。 这就是我所看到的:

andrewsav@hroon-precis:~$ dovecot --version
2.0.19
andrewsav@hroon-precis:~$ sudo ls -al /var/mail/vhosts/myhost.com/andrews
total 76
d-wxrws--- 6 vmail vmail 4096 May 15 19:53 .
drwxrwsr-x 4 vmail vmail 4096 Mar 8 07:27 ..
drwxrws--- 2 vmail vmail 4096 May 15 19:53 cur
-rw-rwS--- 1 vmail vmail 288 May 12 20:49 dovecot.index
-rw-rwS--- 1 vmail vmail 31316 May 15 19:53 dovecot.index.log
-rw-rwS--- 1 vmail vmail 24 Dec 13 14:27 dovecot.mailbox.log
-rw-rw---- 1 vmail vmail 54 May 15 19:53 dovecot-uidlist
-rw-rwS--- 1 vmail vmail 8 Dec 13 14:32 dovecot-uidvalidity
-r--rwSr-- 1 vmail vmail 0 Dec 12 22:34 dovecot-uidvalidity.50c84fbc
drwxrws--- 2 vmail vmail 4096 May 15 21:15 new
-rw-rwS--- 1 vmail vmail 6 Dec 13 14:27 subscriptions
drwxrws--- 2 vmail vmail 4096 May 15 21:15 tmp
drwxrws--- 5 vmail vmail 4096 Dec 13 14:32 .Trash
andrewsav@hroon-precis:~$ sudo ls -al /var/mail/vhosts/myhost.com/andrews/new
total 24
drwxrws--- 2 vmail vmail 4096 May 15 21:15 .
d-wxrws--- 6 vmail vmail 4096 May 15 19:53 ..
-rw------- 1 vmail vmail 3435 May 15 19:54 1368604473.Vca02I500e0M443155.hroon-precis
-rw------- 1 vmail vmail 4028 May 15 20:42 1368607343.Vca02I500e1M96785.hroon-precis
-rw------- 1 vmail vmail 4623 May 15 21:15 1368609338.Vca02I500fcM737208.hroon-precis
andrewsav@hroon-precis:~$

邮件目录有 rw 对于一个组,而在新目录中的单个文件出于某种原因没有 rw. 因此,人们无法访问它们 / 他们想要访问的过程。 想念我的是什么?

我用 ubuntu 12.04LTS

更新 1

给一点史前:我已经使用了很长时间了 postfix + dovecot. 安装了轻微的偏差
https://www.dropbox.com/s/nrzg ... .docx
. 通常,邮箱不会在本地引用,而是远程客户端 - 穿过 POP / IMAP.

但是,我认为运行有用
http://www.mutt.org/
偶尔在服务器上。 如果我像这样运行一样,我可以正常这样做

sudo mutt -f /var/mail/vhosts/myhost.com/andrews

但是,我想能够启动它

没有

sudo, 然后问题开始了。 我加了 myslef 团体 vmail 并添加了以下行 .muttrc:

set spoolfile = '/var/mail/vhosts/myhost.com/andrews/'
alternates myhost.com
set reverse_name = yes
set from = 'andrews@myhost.com'

但如果我显然不这样做,它就不起作用 chmod g + rw 为了 new 和 cur. 它只能在新邮件到达之前,因为在这个新邮件中 rw 不是。

有没有办法解决这个问题?

更新 2

讨论了这个问题 NickW 在聊天中,我们得出结论,这些文件实际上写道 Postfix, 但不是 Dovecot. LDA, 大概,
http://www.postfix.org/virtual.5.html
. 这是一个配置 Postfix.

main.cf:

# See /usr/share/postfix/main.cf.dist for a commented, more complete version


# Debian specific: Specifying a file name will cause the first
# line of that file to be used as the name. The Debian default
# is /etc/mailname.
#myorigin = /etc/mailname

smtpd_banner = $myhostname ESMTP $mail_name (Ubuntu)
biff = no

# appending .domain is the MUA's job.
append_dot_mydomain = no

# Uncomment the next line to generate "delayed mail" warnings
#delay_warning_time = 4h

readme_directory = no

# TLS parameters
smtpd_tls_cert_file=/etc/apache2/ssl/my.crt
smtpd_tls_key_file=/etc/apache2/ssl/my.key
smtpd_use_tls=yes
smtpd_tls_session_cache_database = btree:${data_directory}/smtpd_scache
smtp_tls_session_cache_database = btree:${data_directory}/smtp_scache

# See /usr/share/doc/postfix/TLS_README.gz in the postfix-doc package for
# information on enabling SSL in the smtp client.

myhostname = myhost.myhost.com
alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases
alias_database = hash:/etc/aliases
myorigin = /etc/mailname
#mydestination = myhost.com, hroon-precis, localhost.localdomain, localhost
relayhost =
mynetworks = 127.0.0.0/8 [::ffff:127.0.0.0]/104 [::1]/128
mailbox_size_limit = 0
recipient_delimiter = +
inet_interfaces = all

smtpd_sasl_type = dovecot
smtpd_sasl_path = private/auth
smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = yes
#smtpd_tls_wrappermode=yes
smtpd_recipient_restrictions = permit_mynetworks, permit_sasl_authenticated, reject_unauth_destination
smtpd_tls_auth_only = no
#smtpd_sasl_security_options = noanonymous, noplaintext
smtpd_tls_security_level=may

virtual_mailbox_domains = myhost.com
virtual_mailbox_base = /var/mail/vhosts
virtual_mailbox_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/vmailbox
virtual_minimum_uid = 100
virtual_uid_maps = static:5000
virtual_gid_maps = static:5000
virtual_alias_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/virtual
mydomain = myhost.com

transport_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/transport

master.cf

#
# Postfix master process configuration file. For details on the format
# of the file, see the master(5) manual page (command: "man 5 master").
#
# Do not forget to execute "postfix reload" after editing this file.
#
# ==========================================================================
# service type private unpriv chroot wakeup maxproc command + args
# (yes) (yes) (yes) (never) (100)
# ==========================================================================
smtp inet n - - - - smtpd
#smtp inet n - - - 1 postscreen
#smtpd pass - - - - - smtpd
#dnsblog unix - - - - 0 dnsblog
#tlsproxy unix - - - - 0 tlsproxy
#submission inet n - - - - smtpd
# -o syslog_name=postfix/submission
# -o smtpd_tls_security_level=encrypt
# -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
# -o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
# -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING
#smtps inet n - - - - smtpd
# -o syslog_name=postfix/smtps
# -o smtpd_tls_wrappermode=yes
# -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
# -o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
# -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING
#628 inet n - - - - qmqpd
pickup fifo n - - 60 1 pickup
cleanup unix n - - - 0 cleanup
qmgr fifo n - n 300 1 qmgr
#qmgr fifo n - n 300 1 oqmgr
tlsmgr unix - - - 1000? 1 tlsmgr
rewrite unix - - - - - trivial-rewrite
bounce unix - - - - 0 bounce
defer unix - - - - 0 bounce
trace unix - - - - 0 bounce
verify unix - - - - 1 verify
flush unix n - - 1000? 0 flush
proxymap unix - - n - - proxymap
proxywrite unix - - n - 1 proxymap
smtp unix - - - - - smtp
relay unix - - - - - smtp
# -o smtp_helo_timeout=5 -o smtp_connect_timeout=5
showq unix n - - - - showq
error unix - - - - - error
retry unix - - - - - error
discard unix - - - - - discard
local unix - n n - - local
virtual unix - n n - - virtual
lmtp unix - - - - - lmtp
anvil unix - - - - 1 anvil
scache unix - - - - 1 scache
#
# ====================================================================
# Interfaces to non-Postfix software. Be sure to examine the manual
# pages of the non-Postfix software to find out what options it wants.
#
# Many of the following services use the Postfix pipe(8) delivery
# agent. See the pipe(8) man page for information about ${recipient}
# and other message envelope options.
# ====================================================================
#
# maildrop. See the Postfix MAILDROP_README file for details.
# Also specify in main.cf: maildrop_destination_recipient_limit=1
#
maildrop unix - n n - - pipe
flags=DRhu user=vmail argv=/usr/bin/maildrop -d ${recipient}
#
# ====================================================================
#
# Recent Cyrus versions can use the existing "lmtp" master.cf entry.
#
# Specify in cyrus.conf:
# lmtp cmd="lmtpd -a" listen="localhost:lmtp" proto=tcp4
#
# Specify in main.cf one or more of the following:
# mailbox_transport = lmtp:inet:localhost
# virtual_transport = lmtp:inet:localhost
#
# ====================================================================
#
# Cyrus 2.1.5 (Amos Gouaux)
# Also specify in main.cf: cyrus_destination_recipient_limit=1
#
#cyrus unix - n n - - pipe
# user=cyrus argv=/cyrus/bin/deliver -e -r ${sender} -m ${extension} ${user}
#
# ====================================================================
# Old example of delivery via Cyrus.
#
#old-cyrus unix - n n - - pipe
# flags=R user=cyrus argv=/cyrus/bin/deliver -e -m ${extension} ${user}
#
# ====================================================================
#
# See the Postfix UUCP_README file for configuration details.
#
uucp unix - n n - - pipe
flags=Fqhu user=uucp argv=uux -r -n -z -a$sender - $nexthop!rmail ($recipient)
#
# Other external delivery methods.
#
ifmail unix - n n - - pipe
flags=F user=ftn argv=/usr/lib/ifmail/ifmail -r $nexthop ($recipient)
bsmtp unix - n n - - pipe
flags=Fq. user=bsmtp argv=/usr/lib/bsmtp/bsmtp -t$nexthop -f$sender $recipient
scalemail-backend unix - n n - 2 pipe
flags=R user=scalemail argv=/usr/lib/scalemail/bin/scalemail-store ${nexthop} ${user} ${extension}
mailman unix - n n - - pipe
flags=FR user=list argv=/usr/lib/mailman/bin/postfix-to-mailman.py
${nexthop} ${user}

运输:

info@myhost.com discard:
sales@myhost.com discard:
webmaster@myhost.com discard:

vmailbox:

user1@myhost.com myhost.com/user1/
user2@myhost.com myhost.com/user2/
... etc
andrews@myhost.com myhost.com/andrews/
@myhost.com myhost.com/andrews/

我正在寻找文件 Postfix, 我找不到指定权限的方法 Postfix 对于邮箱内的新创建的邮件消息。

我相信这可能是不可能的,然后必须有另一种方式来配置 mutt, 所以他可以访问 maildirs 不必表演 sudo / be root.

欢迎任何提示。
已邀请:

郭文康

赞同来自:

我在这里回答,而不是发表评论,所以我可以正确格式化。

既然你有 dovecot, 您必须已安装 ​​lda (她在 dovecot-core). 添加它B. /etc/postfix/master.cf:

dovecot   unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
flags=DRhu user=vmail:vmail argv=/usr/lib/dovecot/deliver -d ${recipient}

添加它B. /etc/postfix/main.cf:

virtual_transport               = dovecot
dovecot_destination_recipient_limit = 1

修正案 /etc/dovecot/conf.d/15-lda.conf:

protocol lda {
postmaster_address = postmaster@example.com
log_path = /var/log/dovecot-deliver
info_log_path = /var/log/dovecot-deliver
}

(虽然它很大程度上是可选的 3 之间的行 {})


postmaster_address

这是拒绝邮件的发件人的地址

修正案 /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-master.conf:

service auth {
...
unix_listener auth-userdb {
mode = 0666
user = vmail
group = vmail
}
...
}

添加所有用户 / etc / postfix / vmailbox 在 / etc / postfix / virtual 通过以下方式:

user1@myhost.com user1@myhost.com 
user2@myhost.com user2@myhost.com
... etc

移动B的摘要。 / etc / postfix / virtual:

@myhost.com andrews@myhost.com

修正案 /etc/dovecot/conf.d/15-lda.conf:

lda_mailbox_autocreate = yes

这将自动创建丢失的邮政盒。

要保存重置规则,请添加到 main.cf:

mydestination=localhost.localdomain

加b. / etc / postfix / virtual:

info@myhost.com devnull@localhost.localdomain
sales@myhost.com devnull@localhost.localdomain
webmaster@myhost.com devnull@localhost.localdomain

然后B. / etc / aliases:

devnull: /dev/null

这些线是 /etc/postfix/main.cf 不再需要,可以删除:

#virtual_mailbox_base = /var/mail/vhosts
#virtual_minimum_uid = 100
#virtual_uid_maps = static:5000
#virtual_gid_maps = static:5000
#transport_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/transport



newaliases

postmap / 等等。 / 后缀 / 虚拟的

修复后重新启动服务

重新启动鸽子的服务

让我们希望它能工作。

卫东

赞同来自:

您可以配置 Dovecot 作为你的 LDA, 解决你的问题。 那里

virtual

不会试图在本地交付邮件,而是会给它 Dovecot.

根据文件 dovecot, 首选方法 - 穿过 LMTP.

我保存的虚拟设置仍然是工作,但是当谈到真正将邮件发送到这些域时,它将使用安装的内容

virtual_transport

而不是直接提供邮件。

这是一个工作配置 Debian Wheezy, 使用它 Dovecot 2.x .:

dovecot.conf:

protocols = imap lmtp

service lmtp {
unix_listener /var/spool/postfix/private/dovecot-lmtp {
mode = 0600
user = postfix
group = postfix
}
user = vmail
}

protocol lmtp {
postmaster_address = postmaster@example.org
}

main.cf:

virtual_mailbox_domains = example.org
virtual_alias_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/virtual
virtual_transport = lmtp:unix:private/dovecot-lmtp

# Don't need these anymore

#virtual_uid_maps = static:5000
#virtual_gid_maps = static:5000
#virtual_minimum_uid = 1000
#virtual_mailbox_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/virtual_mailbox_users
#virtual_mailbox_base = /var/mail

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